Почему среди коллекционеров так популярны награды СССР

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Почему среди коллекционеров так популярны награды СССР 1 марта 2017

Почему среди коллекционеров так популярны награды СССР

Коллекционирование наград СССР сегодня является одним из самых популярных направлений в отечественной фалеристике. Многие коллекционеры ищут и находят советские медали на Crafta.ua.

В чем секрет популярности? В массовых тиражах? Возможно, особенно это касается юбилейных и памятных медалей и знаков. В драгоценных металлах, которые используются для изготовления наград? Некоторые собиратели именно это и ценят… Но не только перечисленные факторы заставляют фалеристов искать ордена и медали СССР здесь.

А что же, спросит читатель? Ну, во-первых, за каждой наградой стоит своя, большая интересная история. Например, внешне невзрачный Орден Красной Звезды на сайте представлен выпусками разных периодов. Сегодня он ассоциируется исключительно с наградами, полученными за отвагу в бою. Но, оказывается, создавался он не только для военнослужащих. В первой редакции статута этого ордена от 1930 года указывалось, что получить его может и гражданское лицо, оказавшее большие заслуги в деле обороны Советского Союза не только в военное, но и в мирное время.

Или взять, к примеру, Орден Богдана Хмельницкого, учрежденный в 1944 году. Почему эта историческая фигура была избрана для олицетворения знака воинской доблести? «Копнув» литературу, коллекционер узнает, что в 1944 году исполнилось 290 лет освобождения Украины от поляков в ходе войны 1654 года под руководством Богдана Хмельницкого. Аналогичная ситуация сложилась и тот год, когда советские войска очищали территорию Украины от немецких, румынских и итальянских войск.

Во-вторых, помимо истории своего создания награды имеют и другую историю. Точнее, они являются частью истории Советского Союза. Поэтому коллекционер, избравший темой для своего собрания тот или иной период, собирает свидетельства эпохи, отражающие славные достижения предыдущих поколений. Очень интересны в этом плане медали периода Великой Отечественной войны. Каждая из них – это страничка из летописи великого противостояния. Медали за оборону Киева, Одессы, Ленинграда, Сталинграда, Москвы, Кавказа рассказывают о первом, трудном периоде войны. Награды за взятие Вены, Будапешта, Белграда, Варшавы, Праги и, наконец, Берлина повествуют о втором, победном этапе.

А награды за восстановление шахт Донбасса, за освоение Целины, строительство Байкало-Амурской Магистрали, за преобразования Нечерноземья рассказывают нам о трудовом подвиге советского народа.

Немаловажную роль в популярности коллекционирования наград СССР играет и исключительная эстетическая привлекательность орденов и медалей. Даже такие лаконичные внешне награды, как Орден Красной Звезды или медаль «За отвагу» выглядят очень красивыми.

А медали, выпускавшиеся монетными дворами Москвы и Ленинграда, созданы лучшими художниками, скульпторами и граверами СССР. И сегодня они поражают красотой и четкостью рисунка.

Выше мы упоминали о ценности наград, заключенной в материалах, из которого они изготовлены. Это делает советские ордена и медали инвестицией, стоимость которой только растет со временем. Но не только этот фактор привлекает коллекционеров. Наличие разновидностей, а также малые тиражи влияют на популярность того или иного наградного знака. Высоко ценится медаль «XXX лет победы в Великой Отечественной войне 1941-1945 гг.» без пояснительной надписи на реверсе. Эти награды изготовлены для вручения иностранным гражданам тиражом всего в 5 тысяч экземпляров.

Поэтому коллекционирование наград СССР не теряет своей популярности.


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